The soldier's croft
A soldier's croft in Sweden and Finland was a croft built for, and used by, a soldier in the military tenure (Allotment) system.
The croft was built and payed for by the "Unit (Rote)", a group of farmers that by law had to keep a soldier.
A large farm could consist of more than one "Unit (Rote)" and keep the appropriate number of soldiers.
The house should have base of 8 x 4 meters and should be 7 logs high (abt 2 meters).
This was specified by the army to keep a common standard for all soldiers in the system,
although some Units (Rotar) or their soldiers sometimes made extensions to the croft.
The croft should also have a byre, a small barn and some land for pasture and cultivation and be fenced in.
The house should be marked with an easily readable sign that stated Regiment, Company and Unit (Rote).
The farm normally was too small to be self-sustaining, so the local farmers with large farms (the Unit, Rote)
were obligated to provide agricultural products and use of draft animals.
The soldier, in his turn, was also obliged to supply day-work to the unit (rote) farms,
when he was not in service. All this was regulated i a contract set up between the Unit (rote) and their soldier(s).
This system was in use from the 1680s to 1901. There were about 35.000 to 40.000 of those crofts in the country.
If the soldier was killed, the widow and her children had no right to stay at the croft,
although the Unit (Rote) in some cases had an obligation to help them out.
The unit (rote) had, by law, to replace the soldier within three months,
if he was dismissed or killed in action. When killed in action,
the army could supply som help with the burial.